AOC Banyuls machine translated reference / legal text
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Art 1st. -
Only to the appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” the sweet aperitif wines are entitled answering the conditions enumerated hereafter and collected on the territory of the communes of Banyuls, Cerbère, Port-Vendres and Collioure, other than the grounds which, by the nature of their ground or their situation are unsuitable producing the wine of name. The limits of the surface of production thus defined will be deferred on the cadrastal maps of these communes by experts appointed by the management committee of the national institute of the labels of origin of the wines and brandies and the plans establish by their care will be, after approval of the national institute of the labels of origin, deposited in the town halls of the common interested parties.
Art 2. -
The wines being entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” will have obligatorily to come from following type of vines, other than all others: Principal type of vines Black, gray and white Grenache, maccabéo, tourbat, known as Malvoisie of Roussillon, white muscatel with small grains, muscatel of Alexandria, known as Roman Muscatel. Additional type of vines Black Carignan, cinsaut and syrah. The black percentage of grenache will have to be at least equal to 50% of encépagement total of the exploitation. The proportion of additional type of vines will not have encépagement to exceed 10% of total of the same piece.
Art 3. them vines producing the wine with appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” will have to be cut in accordance with the provisions hereafter: the only authorized size is the short size. The vine led out of goblet or range can carry a maximum of seven coursons cut in two frank eyes and the one-
eyed one. The grenache being very prone to the run-out could be cut long at the beginning of the year, but in the course of this one it will have to be recut according to the mode mentioned above. The presence of fruit trees in a piece makes lose with its harvest the right to the appellation contrôlée. The irrigation is prohibited in some form that it is and at any time of the year, except exceptional exemption granted, for vineyards or parts of vineyards, for the nonvegetative period of the vine by the national institute of the labels of origin and out this period, by decree of the Minister for the agriculture and the Minister for the economy and finances after opinion of this institute.
Art 4. -
The wines being entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” will have to be obtained with musts obligatorily having an initial natural wealth of sugar of 252 grams at least per liter in which was made in the course of fermentation a contribution evaluated out of pure alcohol, of 5% at least and of 10% to the maximum of the volume of must implemented, using alcohol titrating at least 95°, giving to the made wines a total richness minimum of 21°5 (actual alcoholic strength and in power) with a minimum of actual alcoholic strength 15°. The appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” will be given to the wines vinified like below: In red: by the maceration of must with the pulp of the grape lasting whole or part of fermentation. Into rosy or white: by the fermentation of separate musts of pulp before any beginning of fermentation. The denomination “Banyuls-rancio” is reserved for the sweet aperitif wines with appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” which, vinified under the conditions above, have, because of their age and of the conditions particular to this soil, taken the taste of “rancio”. The mention of a type of vine cannot be reproduced on some parts that it either that if the product were obtained on the basis of this only type of vine. However, the mention “muscatel” is prohibited. The operations of mutage must be carried out before December 31 of the year of harvest of musts. However, of the complements of mutage could be authorized or ordered by the Fraud Squad within the limit of a total addition of 10% out of pure alcohol, before the delivery of the certificate envisaged in article 6 of this decree. Any operation of enrichment other than the mutage and the possible complements of mutage under the conditions noted above and especially any operation of chaptalization, of concentration or congelation, even within the legal limits, like all operations of pasteurization, treatment per pure gas oxygen and addition of salt, even within the limits fixed by the law of July 11, 1891, are prohibited under penalty of making lose the right to the appellation contrôlée for the wine on which they would have been practised. The grape harvest of the young vines could be used for the development of the wine with appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” only starting from the 4th sheet of the graft (this one included/understood) after grafting on the spot or installation of marble-grafted.
Art 5. -
The label of origin referred to above is applicable only within the limit of 30 hectolitres must per hectare of vine in production. This limit can be modified each year following the quantity and the quality of harvest, by decision of the management committee of the national institute of the labels of origin of the wines and brandies, approved by decree of the Minister for agriculture, after consultation of a commission of five members named by the national institute of the labels of origin, on the proposal of the trade union of defense most representative of the appellation contrôlée in question adopted by a general assembly of the aforesaid trade union. The increases in basic output are granted only in exceptional year where quality and quantity arise simultaneously. The surplus quantities are displaced. However individual exemptions can be granted by the I.N.A.O after checking of the quality of the harvest and the conditions of production. The requests will have to be presented before the beginning of the grape harvest. When the output of the pieces from which the grapes come exceeds 40 hectolitres of must to the hectare, the producer loses the right to the sweet aperitif wine development for some proportion that it is harvest of these pieces.
Art 6. -
The wines for which the appellation contrôlée referred to above will be asserted could not be put in circulation without a certificate of approval delivered by the national institute of the labels of origin, taking into consideration condition fixed by the regulation in force. The delivery of this certificate is subordinated to an analytical and organoleptic control wines on opinion of an indicated inspection board, on a proposal from the trade union of defense most representative of name in question, by the national institute of the labels of origin. Rules of procedure worked out by the trade union and approve by the national institute of the labels of origin will determine in accordance with the regulation in force, the procedure to be followed for the operation of the inspection board and the delivery of the certificate of approval. The wines of the appellation contrôlée referred to above are completely blocked with the property until September 1 of the year which follows that of their development, except exceptional circumstances. The conditions of releasing are fixed by the regulation in force and controls by the interprofessional committee of the sweet aperitif wines.
Art 7. them wines for which, under the present decree, the appellation contrôlée will be asserted “Banyuls” could not be declared after harvest, offered to the public dispatched, put on sale or sold, without in the declarations of harvest, the advertisements, on the leaflets, invoices, labels, containers unspecified, the label of origin referred to above being registered and is accompanied by the mention “appellation contrôlée”, the whole in very apparent characters. The name of name will have to be reproduced on the labels in characters whose dimensions, as well in height as in width, will not have to be lower than those of the characters of any other mention being reproduced on the label.
Art 8. no case the word “Banyuls” could be reproduced on the principal labels of the bottles containing of the similar wines or liqueur wines, or sweet aperitif wines not being entitled to this name. The postal address of the owners and traders installed in the commune of Banyuls-
on-Sea could not, consequently, be reproduced on the aforementioned bottles that in the condition of being placed at the back of the bottle and of being registered on a special label being marked exclusively following: “Postal Address X… trader with Banyuls-on-Sea, the Eastern Pyrenees”. the whole in identical characters and whose dimensions will not have to exceed 2 Misters the quality of owner or wine grower will not have to in no case to be reproduced on the labels intended for products not being entitled to the label of origin. The name of Banyuls will not be able, to in no case, be reproduced on the containers other than the bottles, as on packing containing of the products not being entitled to this name, if it is not in the shape of a postal address made out so as to not give birth to any confusion in the spirit from the purchaser.
Art 9. -
The use of any indication or any sign likely to make believe in the purchaser that a wine is entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” whereas it does not answer all the conditions envisaged by this decree, will be continued in accordance with the general legislation on the frauds and the protection of the labels of origin (art 1 and 2 of the law of August 1, 1905, art 8 of the law of May 6, 1919; art 13 of the decree of August 19, 1921) without damage of the sanctions of a tax nature, if it is necessary.
Art 10. it modified decree of August 6, 1936 concerning the appellation contrôlée “Banyuls” is repealed. Warning: Information pré senté be on this site are the subject of a clause of nonresponsabilité INAO_19720519_10102/11/2006 Downloadable document: AOC_Banyuls.doc