AOC Cahors machine translated reference / legal text
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Decree of August 4, 1992 relating to the controlled labels of origin, and - J.O Number 183 of August 8, 1992 Decree of December 20, 2002 modifying the decree of April 15, 1971 relating to the controlée label of origin “Cahors” - J.O n° 302 of December 28, 2002 page 21893
Art 1st. -
(Supplemented, D. of December 20, 2002) - Only are entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Cahors” the red wines which, answering the conditions hereafter, were collected on the territory of the following communes of the department of the Batch: Canton of Cahors. - Communes of Cahors, Lamagdelaine, Mercuès, Pradines, Arcambal, Trespoux-Rassiels; Canton of Catus. - Communes of Catus, Crayssac, Labastide-of-Green, Nuzéjous, Pontcirq, Saint-Medard-Catus; Canton of Lalbenque. - Communes of Cieurac, Flaujac-Poujols; Canton of Luzech. - Communes of Albas, Anglars-Juillac, Bélaye, Caillac, Cambayrac, Carnac-Rouffiac, Castelfranc, Douelle, Luzech, Parnac, Saint-Vincent-Bank-in Olt, Sauzet, Villesèque; Canton of Montcuq. - Communes of Bagat, Boulvé, Fargues, Saint-Matré, Saux; Canton of Puy-L' Bishop. - Communes of Duravel, Floressas, Grézels, Lacapelle-Cabanac, Lagardelle, Mauroux, Pescadoires, Prayssac, Puy-L' Bishop, Sérignac, Soturac, Touzac, Transfers, other than the grounds which, by the nature of their ground or their exposure, are unsuitable producing the wine of name. The wines result from grape harvest collected on a surface delimited by piece or part of piece, such as it was approved by the national committee of the wines and brandies of the national Institute of the labels of origin, in sessions of February 16, 1984 and the June 5, 2002, on Commission proposal of experts indicated to this end. The surface of production thus delimited is deferred on the cadrastal maps deposited to the town hall of the communes concerned.
Art 2. -
(Replaced, D. August 4, 1992). - The wines being entitled to the controlled label of origin “Cahors” must come from following type of vines, other than all others: cot black, merlot black, tannat black, jurançon black: - the cot must account for at least 70 encépagement p.100; - the merlot and the tannat must represent together to the maximum 30 p.100 of encépagement. The vines planted in jurançon black will not be entitled any more to the controlled label of origin “Cahors” starting from harvest 1996.Dans this article, by the term encépagement, it is necessary to include/understand encépagement totality of the piece producing the wine of name for the color considered.
Art 3. -
(Replaced, D. April 5, 1982). - The red wines being entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Cahors” must come from collected grapes with good maturity and present a minimum natural voluminal title alcoholometric of 10,5%. Cannot be regarded as being with good maturity any unit batch of vintage having a high content in sugar lower than 180 grams per liter of must. Moreover, when the authorization of enrichment by dry sugaring is granted, the wines should not exceed a maximum total voluminal title alcoholometric of 13%, under penalty of losing the right to name. However, the benefit of name can be granted to the wines of a total voluminal title alcoholometric higher than the limit referred to above and worked out without any enrichment, if the informant justifies of a certificate issued by the national institute of the labels of origin, after investigation carried out into its request presented at least eight days before the vintage of the vines concerned. The notifications of the exemptions aimed to the preceding subparagraph must be addressed to the local services of the general direction of the taxes and the direction of the consumption and the repression of the frauds. The limits aimed to the subparagraphs above could be modified, when the climatic conditions justify it, by joint decree of the Minister for the agriculture and the Minister for consumption, on proposal of the national institute of the labels of origin, after opinion of the interested producers' associations.
Art 4. -
(Replaced, D. April 5, 1982). - With the controlled label of origin “Cahors” only the wines can claim answering the conditions of the decree modified referred to above n° 74.872 of October 19, 1974. The basic output aimed to the article 1st of this decree is fixed at 50 hectolitres at the hectare. The percentage envisaged in its article 3 is fixed at 20% in accordance with the decree modified referred to above n° 74.958 of November 20, 1974. [(D. 87/854 of October 22, 1987) the benefit of name can be granted to the wines coming from young vines only as from the second year following that during which the plantation was carried out places from there before August 31.]
Art 5. -
(Replaced, D. August 4, 1992) - the vines producing the wines being entitled to the controlled label of origin “Cahors” must be planted and cut under the following conditions: The density of plantation must be at least 4000 feet to the hectare; the maximum spacing between the rows is fixed at 2,50 meters and the interval between the feet must lie between 0,90 meter and 1,30 meter. The provisions in “feet double” are prohibited. However, the vines planted before August 31, 1992 and not answering the conditions defined above will be able to profit from the controlled label of origin” Cahors “until harvest 2010 included. The vines must be led either out of goblet or range carrying with more the two frank eyes by courson, the load by stock not being able to exceed twelve frank eyes, or cuts guyot of it simple or double, the load limited in two frank eyes by courson and eight eyes by long wood, the maximum loading by stock not having to exceed twelve frank eyes. However, whatever the mode of control used, the maximum loading by type of vine tannat stock is fixed in eight eyes frank.
Art 6. -
The wines being entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Cahors” must come from grapes collected with good maturity and vinified in accordance with the local practice. They profit from all the oenological processes currently authorized by the laws and payments in force, other than the concentration which is prohibited. They cannot be put in circulation with this label of origin without a certificate issued by the national institute of the labels of origin of the wines and brandies on opinion of an inspection board. This commission is indicated by the national institute of the labels of origin after opinion of the trade union of name. It examines whether the wine answers the conditions fixed by the regulation in force, and in particular by this decree. Its reasoned opinion is transmitted to interested and the indirect tax authorities. Rules of procedure, approved by the national institute of the labels of origin, determine the procedure to be followed for the delivery of the certificate. [These provisions were supplemented by the decree n° 74.871 of October 19.]
Art 7. -
The wines for which, under the present decree, name “Cahors will be asserted” and which will be presented under the aforementioned name could not be declared after harvest, be offered to the public, be dispatched, put on sale or sold without in the declaration of harvest, the advertisements, on the leaflets, labels, invoices, containers unspecified, the label of origin referred to above being registered and is accompanied by the mention “Appellation contrôlée” in apparent characters.
Art 8. -
The use of any indication or any sign likely to make believe in the purchaser that a wine is entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Cahors”, whereas it does not answer all the conditions fixed by this decree, will be continued in accordance with the general legislation on the frauds and the protection of the labels of origin (art 1st and 2 of the law of August 1, 1905, art 8 of the law of May 6, 1919, art 13 of the decree of August 19, 1921) without damage of the sanctions of a tax nature if it is necessary. Warning: Information pré senté be on this site are the subject of a clause of nonresponsabilité INAO_19710415_3602/11/2006 Downloadable document: AOC_Cahors_-_2002.doc