AOC Crémant de Loire machine translated reference / legal text
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Decree of February 15, 1994 relating to the controlled label of origin - J.O Number 44 of February 22, 1994
Art 1st. -
Only are entitled to the appellation contrôlée “Creaming of the Loire” the white or rosy wines sparkling elaborate under the conditions fixed by this decree and by using only the still wines, said basic wines, answering the conditions below defined and which will have been declared like such in the declarations of harvest under the denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire”.
Art 2. -
(Replaced, D. February 15, 1994) - the denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire” can be applied only to wines produced inside the surfaces of production of the wines with controlled label of origin “Anjou”, “Cheverny”, “Saumur sparkling wine” and “Touraine”.
Art 3. -
The denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire” can be applied only to wines coming from following type of vines: Principal type of vines: chenin white, frank cabernet, cabernet sauvignon, pineau of Aunis, pinot black, chardonnay, finely pineau; (Supplemented, D. Nov 15, 1983). - Additional Type of vines: grolleau black, gray grolleau. The white wines can be produced indifferently with one or several of these white or red type of vines. The rosy wines can be produced with one or several of red type of vines, with or without white type of vines.
Art 4. -
The denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire” can be applied only to wines coming from musts containing at least and before any enrichment 145 grams from natural sugar per liter, corresponding to a minimum alcoholometric title of 8°5.
Art 5. -
To be able to profit from the appellation contrôlée “Creaming of the Loire”, the wines must answer the conditions fixed by the decree n° 74.872 of October 19, 1974. The basic output aimed to the article 1st of the aforesaid decree is fixed at 50 hectolitres per hectare of vines in production which can profit from name (7 500 kg of grapes). The percentage envisaged in article 3 of the above mentioned decree n° 74.872 is fixed at 20% in accordance with the decree n° 74.958 of November 20, 1974. [(D. 94/277 of April 5, 1994) - the benefit of name can be granted to the wines coming from young vines only as from the second year following that during which the plantation was carried out places from there before August 31].
Art 6. -
The denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire” can be applied only to wines coming from grapes collected with good maturity and obtained within the limit of 100 liters wine for 150 kg of grape harvest and vinified in accordance with the local practice to the territory aimed to article 2. Is regarded as being with good maturity any unit batch of vintage having a high content in sugar at least equal to 137 grams per liter of must, corresponding to an alcoholometric title in power minimum of 8°. The grapes can be transported only in nontight containers. In the fermentation off skins, the grapes must be put whole in the press. The wines known as “of rebêche” are collected separately and cannot claim with the denomination referred to above. These wines must account for at least 7% of the quantity being entitled to this denomination. They must be the subject of a separate specific mention in the declarations of harvest or manufacture. The use of any system of draining, pressing or pressing of the vintage by helicoid screws or presses containing of the chains is interdict for the development of the wines in question. All the oenological processes authorized by the laws and payments in force can be used other than the concentration which is prohibited.
Art 7. -
The behaviour of a notebook of press is obligatory. This notebook specifies, for each marc, the date and the hour of the beginning of each operation, the weight of the grapes implemented by type of vine, their alcoholometric title in power, their origin, the name of the wine grower and volumes of musts obtained. The weighing of the grapes is obligatory on the place of pressing. This notebook must be held on the spot with the provision of the agents of the Fraud Squad and of and the general direction quality control of the taxes, which can carry out all check operations freely.
Art 8. -
The wines with appellation contrôlée “Creaming of the Loire” can be elaborate only starting from one basic wine or of a basic wine assembly in which volume resulting from principal type of vines of article 3 above is at least equal to 70% of the unit.
Art 9. -
In the declarations of harvest and stock, invoices, book, parts of control and all other documents accompanying the wine and the vintage, the denomination “Wine intended for the development of Creaming of the Loire” is obligatory.
Art 10. -
The wines with appellation contrôlée “Creaming of the Loire” must be elaborate a second fermentation in bottles in accordance with the provisions of the decree of March 19, 1939 in the surface of production aimed to article 2 above. Pulling in bottles where the catch of foam is carried out cannot take place before January 1 year which follows that of harvest. The shelf life in bottles between the addition of drawn-off liquid and marketing cannot be lower than one year including nine month on dregs. The wines must have, after discharging, a carbon dioxide overpressure at least equal to 3,5 atmospheres, measured at the temperature of 20° C. Their content total sulphur dioxide should not exceed 150 milligrams per liter.
Art 11. -
The wines for which name referred to above is asserted are subjected to the provisions of the decree n° 74.871 of October 19, 1974 relating to the examinations analytical and organoleptic of the wines with controlled label of origin.
Art 12. -
The wines for which, under the present decree is asserted name “Creaming of the Loire” and which is presented under the aforementioned name cannot be declared after harvest, be offered to the public, be dispatched put on sale or sold, without in the declaration of stock, the advertisements, on the leaflets, labels, invoices, containers unspecified, the label of origin referred to above being registered and is accompanied by the mention “appellation contrôlée”, the whole in very apparent characters. On the labels, the words “Creaming of the Loire” must be registered in very apparent characters, dimensions of the characters of the words “Creaming” and “the Loire” must be equal between them and at least equal, as well in height as in width, with half of those of the largest characters appear on the labels. The bottles must be closed using a stopper carrying the words “Creaming of the Loire” on the part contained in the collar of the bottle.
Art 13. -
The wines answering the conditions of this decree held in stock by the producers and the elaborative ones and who come from grape harvest collected in 1973 and 1974 will be able to profit from the appellation contrôlée referred to above on presentation of a certificate of resumption of stock delivered by the national institute of the labels of origin, after opinion of an Audit Board indicated by the management committee of the aforesaid institute and composed representatives of the professionals (producing and elaborative) and administrations (general direction of the taxes and Fraud Squad). The check operations envisaged with the preceding subparagraph will have to be finished at the latest six months after the publication of this decree.
Art 14. -
The use of any indication or any sign likely to make believe in the purchaser that a wine is entitled Creaming to the appellation contrôlée “of the Loire” whereas it does not answer all the conditions fixed by this decree is continued in accordance with the general legislation on the frauds and the protection of the labels of origin, without damage of the sanctions of a tax nature, if it is necessary. Warning: Information pré senté be on this site are the subject of a clause of nonresponsabilité INAO_19751017_13102/11/2006 Downloadable document: AOC_Cremant_de__Loire_-_1994.doc